William James,1903........So he could clearly see, he said, 'two Harvards.' One of these had certain special educational functions, and served, also, in a very visible way, as a sort of social club. The other was 'the inner, spiritual Harvard....The true Church was always the invisible Church. The true Harvard is the invisible Harvard in the souls of her more truth-seeking and intelligent and often very solitary sons. The university most worthy of imitation is that one in which your lonely thinker can feel himself least lonely, most positively furthered and most rightly fed.' In this respect he believed that Harvard 'still is in the van.'
Named after an American missionary of the late 19th century, the Luce Memorial Chapel was added to the campus of Tunghai University in Taichung, Taiwan. It was designed by Chen Chi-Kwan, an artist and architect, in collaboration with the infamous architect I.M. Pei.
More on the Luce Memorial Chapel by I.M. Pei after the break.
Initially beginning in April of 1954, the construction of the Luce Memorial Chapel took place from September 1962 until November 1963. Upon culmination of the construction period, the Chapel ended up costing the university around $125,000 total.
Set on an irregular hexagonal base, the chapel occupies a site of 12,000 square meters of the campus, providing 477 square meters of floor area, including a nave with 500 seats, a chancel and robing rooms. The four manipulated planes that make up the walls of the church stretch 19.2m high, establishing a central focal landmark on the campus.
I.M. Pei was careful to design specific to the environmental context of Taiwan, with walls made of reinforced concrete to provide earthquake stability and durability in the humid and typhoon-prone environment. Construction of the intricate and elaborate formwork was done locally by craftsmen. To work with the desired form, ribs reinforced the curvature of the surfaces and thicken as they descend, in order to prevent buckling of the materials.
The exterior of the chapel is covered in glazed diamond-shaped tiles that stand out against the sky and green backdrop of the university. The interior reflects similar diamond shapes, as the concrete coffers become thicker and the shapes gradually diminish in size as they near the bottom of the structure, since stresses are concentrated near the ground.
The upward extending swoop of the walls culminates in a steel cross, which marks the chapel as a sanctuary for students and professors of the university. The walls seem to stand independently of each other, but are actually connected by glazed slots and by small structural bow ties that are cast into the high ridge beams at the top near the ceiling.
Architect: I.M. Pei
Location: Taichung, Taiwan
Project Year: Planned in 1954, constructed from 1962-63
Photography: Anonymous Blogger, Pei Cobb Freed
References: Michael Cannell, Louise Slavicek
豪宅一哥向貝聿銘致敬-5/16~29天下雜誌 2013.10.29 此案尚未落實
最後修改時間：2012-05-24 AM 11:28
英國哲學家羅素在〈論大學教育〉一文中說道，所有偉大的藝術和科學都源於某種表現的強烈衝動──那熱情誘使人捨棄安全、舒適而願忍受悲壯 痛苦的奇美；凡懷有這種情感的人絕不會受功利主義的束縛，人之變得偉大，全歸功於這種熱情。我們的大學校園，能否激發莘莘學子這樣的情感？聯副於民國百年 企畫一系列「大學校園巡禮」專輯，第一站，來到台中大度山上的東海。（編者）