Berezina River in Belarus
|Native name||Belarusian: Рака Бярэзіна|
|Basin size||24,500 km2 (9,500 sq mi)|
|Length||561 km (349 mi)|
The Berezina or Biarezina (Belarusian: Бярэ́зіна; pronounced [bʲaˈrɛzʲinɐ]) is a river in Belarus and a tributary of the Dnieper River.
Cities and towns on the Berezina
- Napoleon Bonaparte's army suffered heavy losses (about 36,000) when crossing the Berezina in November 1812 during his retreat from Russia (see Battle of Berezina). Since then "Berezina" is used in French as a synonym of catastrophe. (See also Charles Joseph Minard for a visual graphic of the army's fate.)
- Charles XII of Sweden's army crossed the Berezina on June 25, 1708 during his campaign against Peter the Great of Russia in the Great Northern War. (see ISBN 0-306-80863-3 for details)
- Several armies in German Wehrmacht Army Group Centre were entrapped and prevented from crossing the Berezina in June, 1944, during the envelopment phases of the Bobruysk and Minsk Offensives, within the closing phases of Operation Bagration in World War II.
- See also Battle of Berezina (disambiguation).