|Separatism across the EU|
|Lombardy and Veneto have gone to the polls in a non-binding referendum over whether to seek more rights from Rome. Italy's wealthy north has long called for greater control over finances and security.|
Veneto (// or //, Italian: [ˈvɛːneto]; Venetian: Vèneto, Venetian pronunciation: ['vɛːneto]) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. Its population is about five million, ranking fifth in Italy. The region's capital and most-populous city is Venice.
Veneto was part of the Roman Empire until the 5th century AD. Later, after a feudal period, it was part of the Republic of Veniceuntil 1797. Venice ruled for centuries over one of the largest and richest maritime republics and trade empires in the world. After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was annexed by the Austrian Empire, until it was merged with the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence. The Statute of Veneto describes Venetians as a "people".
Besides Italian, most inhabitants also speak the autochthonous Venetian language. Having been for a long period in history a land of mass emigration, Veneto is today one of the greatest immigrant-receiving regions in the country, with 454,453 foreigners (9.30% of the regional population) in 2008, the most recent of which are Romanians and Moroccans.
The region is home to a notable nationalist movement. The region's largest party is the Venetist/Padanist Liga Veneta, a founding member of Lega Nord. The current President of Veneto is Luca Zaia (Liga Veneta–Lega Nord), re-elected in 2015 with 50.1% of the vote and the support of Lega Nord, Forza Italia and minor parties.
|• President||Luca Zaia (LV–LN)|
|• Total||18,399 km2 (7,104 sq mi)|
|• Density||260/km2 (680/sq mi)|
Lombardy (// LOM-bər-dee; Italian: Lombardia [lombarˈdiːa]; Lombard: Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard) [lumbarˈdiːa], (Eastern Lombard) [lombarˈdeːa]) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23,844 square kilometres (9,206 sq mi). 10 million people, forming one-sixth of Italy's population, live in Lombardy and about a fifth of Italy's GDP is produced in the region, making it the most populous and richest region in the country and one of the richest regions in Europe. Milan, Lombardy's capital, is the second-largest city and the largest metropolitan area in Italy.
|• President||Roberto Maroni (LL-LN)|
|• Total||23,844 km2 (9,206 sq mi)|
|• Density||420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|